Identifying the best way to travel with your paints, other art materials and associated paraphernalia is a question which throws up a number of conundrums for many artists:
- the novice who has never travelled before doesn’t know what he or she doesn’t know - but needs to!those who have travelled with their paints before are trying hard to remember what went wrong last time!while the experienced artist and seasoned traveller is very often trying to find a way of rationalising or improving upon what they did last time - for the nth time!This summer I had to get to grips with travelling with oil paints for the first time and I want to record what I learned before I forget it! Plus share what others have learned for everybody’s benefit.
- **Artists’ oil paints do not contain solvent, are not hazardous and can be taken on plane**s _\(Gamblin, Langridge, Katherine Tyrrell\)__Linseed oil based colours are NOT considered “Dangerous Goods” as classified in the International Air Transport Association’s \(IATA\) Dangerous Goods Regulations. They are not flammable \(as described in Class 3 or Class 4 criteria\), poisonous or corrosive, nor do they fall within any other class description of “Dangerous Goods”. A UN number does not apply to these materials because such numbers are assigned only to “Dangerous Goods” by the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods._based on statement by Langridge Colors**Do not travel on planes with medium or solvents**. Virtually all solvents used for oil painting are FLAMMABLE and can NEVER be taken on a plane. Many mediums have flash points near the limit. _\(Michael Chesley Johnson,_ Katherine Tyrrell\)**The flash point below which goods are deemed to be dangerous is 61 degrees Celsius / 140 degrees Fahrenheit - so it’s ESSENTIAL that you know whether the flash point data you have access to is in celsius or fahrenheit**_the flash point is the temperature at which a product will flame, therefore a higher flash point is better__Winsor and Newton - health and safety data information_Gamblin says that Gamsol has a flash point of 146 degrees fahrenheit. _\(Gamblin\)_ Officials may feel this is very close to the limit. I wouldn’t chance it.Liquin has a flash point of 70 degrees celsiusM. Graham’s Walnut/alkyd medium has a flash point of 215 degrees and is safe**Linseed oil is not hazardous** Locate an art store at your destination in advance for a supply of solvent and/or medium - or have some delivered to where you are staying/studying in advance_\(Michael Chesley Johnson\)_
- **Do NOT carry your oil paints in your carry-on luggage** _\(Michael Chesley Johnson\)__**Do NOT pack palette knives in your carry on luggage.** \(Benoit Philippe\)_
- Print out relevant Material Safety Data Sheets before travelling - and take them with you in your hand luggage with the flash points and other relevant information clearly highlighted. Printed sheets from reputable sources are more likely to convince airport security than you are. \(Winsor & Newton, _Michael Chesley Johnson, Scott Burdick, Daniel Smith_\)_Since putting the following notice in with my paints, I haven’t had any trouble:_ _“the US Department of Transportation defines “flammable liquids’ as those with a flash point of 140 degrees F or below, Artist grade oil colors are based on vegetable oil with a flash point at or above 450 degrees F. THEY ARE NOT HAZARDOUS. If you need to confirm this, please contact TSA at 866-289-9673 or their Hazardous Materials Research Center at 800-467-4922.” “I also include a MSD \(Manufacturer Safety Data\) sheet from the paint manufacturer….”_
- **Health labelling varies in different parts of the world** - be sure to check you are familiar with what the labels means before you travel. ThisWinsor and Newton explanation is helpful_There is no direct relationship between the EU and USA systems of health labelling as the categories used have different levels and limits, e.g., Flammable in the USA is not automatically considered as Flammable in the EU._Winsor and Newton - health and safety data information
- **Make sure that the printed material safety data sheets relate to the brand of paints you are carrying in your luggage!** These are the manufacturers who provide material safety data sheets \(msds\) - and the links to go the relevant website \(_Benoit Philippe / updated by Katherine Tyrrell_\)**Art Spectrum** material safety data sheets**ColArt Group Lefranc and Bourgeois** data sheets safety’s product management site**Daler Rowney** Health and safety data sheets**Da Vinci** paints - product technical info**M Graham** oil colours and medium- material safety data sheets
- **Michael Harding** Health and Safety - _note no msds sheets available_**Holbein**Artist Oil Color MSDS \(pdf\)Artist Oil Mediums & Varnishes \(pdf\)**Langridge Colours** - material safety data sheets
- **Old Holland** - Health and safety - _note no msds sheets available_**Schminke** oil paints - material safety data sheets**Winsor & Newton** Health and Safety Data Information**Williamsburg** Oil Colours - air shipping or travelling information
- **Sennelier** - _note no msds sheets available_
- **Zest It** Health and Safety Information - not classified as requiring an MSDS - however MSDS available_Unfortunately many MSDS do not provide accurate classification for transport purposes. You should further inquire with the manufacturer or distributor or have the product tested by an authorized laboratory.__IATA - Dangerous Goods HAZMAT FAQs_Write on the container “Artist’s Oil Colors - Made with Vegetable Oil’ _\(Michael Chesley Johnson\)_ALWAYS say if asked that the oil colours contain no solvent _\(Michael Chesley Johnson\)_**Do NOT use the word “paint”** - it seems to set off alarm bells with the uninitiated. ALWAYS refer to your tubes as “artists colours”_\(various\)_Note that The Dangerous Goods Regulations are beyond opaque\(!\) and are contained in very expensive volumes! Also that some manufacturers do a very poor job of supplying accurate and complete material safety data on their websites. Compare the quality of information before travelling_**What liquids, aerosols and gels am I allowed to bring on board?**The International Civil Aviation Organisation, the UN’s aviation standard-setting body, has defined guidelines that more and more governments are adopting. The current restrictions for liquids, aerosols and gels from ICAO and in effect in most many countries are that they must be in containers 100ml or equivalent, placed in a transparent resealable plastic bag with max capacity 1-litre. At screening,_ _plastic bags should be presented apart from other carry on items_
_International Air Transport Association_
- **Paint tubes in checked baggage on a plane may burst** as all art materials travelling in checked baggage are in an unpressurised part of the plane. They therefore need to be contained. \(Katherine Tyrrell\)Enclose all art supplies in clear zip-loc bags \(Dan\)Wrap paint tubes in foam sheeting or bubble wrap to reduce the chance of puncture. Pack all paint tubes in ziplock bags in checked baggage_\(Jennifer Young\)_
- **Beware that checked baggage as well as hand luggage can be searched.** Artists have arrived at their destination to find that their baggage has been inspected! Pack your tubes of paint in transparent bags with their related msds sheet and a statement that they are not hazardous \(see above for wording\)
- Shipping oil paints beforehand avoids potential problems of arriving to find no paint. _\(William Weith\)__**Other top tips for travelling with oil paints**__Isolate your paints from your clothes \(Michael Chesley Johnson\)__Put all your oil paints into a sealed container which isn’t going to spring open easily \(Katherine Tyrrell\)_**A very secure box for holding tubes of paint - airtight and liquid tight**Consider mailing your paints in a very robust container to your destination - after all it’s how the paints you buy online reach you! Make sure you include your home and destination address in with the paints and not just on the packaging. \(_Kath Schifano, Michael Chesley Johnson_Buy your oil paints at your destination and bring them back as paintings. This can be a lot of fun! Regional visitor centres can be very helpful_\(Jennifer Young\)_Find out:the best source for solvents at your destination BEFORE you leave \(remember hardware stores stock turpentine\)where the local art stores are and how easy they are to get towhether local art stores will despatch to where you are staying \(saves overseas postage\)
Identify the correct word for your solvent or turpentine before you leave home! turpentine en Francais- “La terebentine”turpentine in Italiano- “La trementina” _\(Jennifer Young supplied the translations\)_**Top tips re weight for oil painters**
_Think about weight at every stage and how it can be reduced_precut canvas is the lightest support you can carry easily_\(Karen E Lewis\)_pads of oil paper are also light and provide a lot of support relative to space / weight. They’re good for oil sketches_Remember that oil paints shipped to your destination will be coming back as paintings so plans for weight allowances need to allow for this_ _\(Sarah Wimperis\)_Work to a uniform size - it makes transporting wet oil paints home so much simpler _Limit you palette to essential colours_ _\(Jennifer Young\)__Vary the size of paint tube to how likely you are to use it and use smaller tubes for plein air painting - especially if a flight is involved. \(Jennifer Young\)_**Top tips re oil paints, heat and drying time**_storing oil colors in hot cars and trunks will increase the stress on the paints and can cause more oil to separate from the pigment. Keep your paints as cool as possible to reduce separation._
Gamblin ColorsRemember that drying times vary depending on local temperatures and humidity. Remember to factor that in to your expectations as to drying time. You’ll only really find out how long it takes when you get there.Find a washing line and hang your paintings out to dry. _\(Sarah Wimperis, Bill Adams\)_ Think about using alkyd paints rather than oil paints in order to speed up drying. _\(Vivien Blackburn\)._ However be aware that some consider alkyds to be hazardous for travel by plane _\(I’m checking this point\)_Use an alkyd based white for mixing and to speed up drying time eg Gamblin’s Quick Dry White _\(Jennifer Young, Vivien Blackburn\)_Do remember to take a wet panel container so you can get your wet paintings home again
**This week I’m attempting a bit of a round-up of top tips for different types of artists through a mini-series of blog posts.** **Each post aims to**
- **provide some links to useful information****invite people to identify the blog posts on which they have discussed what they do****ask people to contribute their three top tips for travelling with different types of media** I’m going to make each of them **an interactive post** - meaning that as top tips and blog posts get identified and highlighted within the comments I’m going to add them into the body of the post and then republish it.
This means each post will also up date over time. You might want to bookmark the one which means most to you! To make it coherent I’m going to introduce a structure from the beginning which will help people find out what they want to know. **This mini-series covers:**
**travelling with oil paints****travelling with watercolour paints****travelling with pastels****travelling with coloured pencils****Top Tips from****Artists who travel a lot****artists who are travelling with paints for the first time****artists who like to take just the bare essentials**Today I start with the one I had to research this summer - travelling with oil paints Travelling with Artists’ Oil Paints **Top tips for travelling by plane**
_When security asks, “What kind of paints are these?” Never say “oil paints”; say that “these artists paints are made from vegetable oil and contain no solvent.” For air travel, flammable liquids are those that have a flash point 140 degrees F. or below. If you do not know the flash point of your mediums or solvent, do not take any on board._
Old Holland is the best oil colours quality I’ve tried so far, very rich pigments, they have the highest degree of lightfastness, the highest possible concentration of pigment in each colour, the paint has an unprecedented colour strength. I think is one of the best choice you can make if you are looking for quality and stiffness.
The history of Old Holland Classic Colours goes back to the seventeenth century, the golden age of the Dutch masters. In this era, the training of painters was organised under the guild system. The painters’ guilds were called Saint Lucas Guilds, after their patron saint Lucas. Traditional knowledge and skills in the area of the manufacture of paint were passed on from generation to generation in these guilds. In the guild, the master taught the mate and the apprentice. The apprentice learned to rub the pigments with the binders, the mate learned to mix the colours and make underpaintings. Once the mate was deemed to be skilled enough, he in turn became a master, started his own studio and gained standing.